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Boy Thinking

Educational settings often use abbreviations and words that are hard to understand.
Listed below are some explanations for commonly used terms.

Advisory Support Teachers (AST)


Teachers who know about the difficulties that may affect a child's learning or education and can advise schools and parents about how to support a child.

Annual Review


A review of a statement of special educational needs, which will take place at least once a year - use this link to 'Annual Review' booklet.


A carer is a person named by a local authority to care for a child for whom the local authority has parental responsibility.


A local authority employee who is a contact point for parents whose child is undergoing statutory assessment or has a statement of special educational needs.

Children's Services

A local authority department focused on supporting children. This includes education and social care.

Cluster Group

All high schools have a group of infant and junior or primary schools whose children will normally attend the high school when they are 11 yrs.

Children & Young People's Plan

A yearly plan drawn up by Children's Services.

Code of Practice Special Educational Needs (SEN)


A book which contains practical guidance for Local Authorities, maintained schools, early education settings and others on how to identify, assess and make provision for children's special educational needs.

Personal Advisors

Provide information, advice and guidance for all young people aged 13-19 (or 25 if the young person has learning disabilities) when and where needed - whether they are at school, in further education, in or out of work.

Connexions Service

A service to help all young people aged 13-19 to prepare them for the transition to adult life.



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